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Symptoms and cures of Migraine headache

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Author: Emma

Migraine headache is a painful and sometimes debilitating condition that strikes many people in the United States. Although researchers are not certain of what exactly happens to bring on an attack, it is believed that the headache itself is caused by the overfilling of blood vessels around the brain and their rebound reaction to this overfilling. Migraine headache is caused when blood vessels of head get too much dilated or constricted. Females are more prone to this type of headache than males and migraine tends to run in families. Migraine headache is a very common disorder. This leads to disabling and intermittent episodes of head pain in many of its sufferers. Migraine headache is generally more severe than an "ordinary" or tension headache. Migraine is defined as episodic attacks of headache lasting 4 to 72 hours and characterized by at least two of the following: moderate to severe intensity, one-sided pain, throbbing, and worsening with movement. Migraine headache is a common associated problem. Other associated symptoms include fatigue, sleep disturbance (especially feeling tired in the morning after a night's sleep), depressed and anxious mood, poor concentration and memory, and gastrointestinal symptoms such as spastic colon. Migraine headache is caused by a combination of vasodilatation (enlargement of blood vessels) and the release of chemicals from nerve fibers that coil around the blood vessels. During a migraine attack, the temporal artery enlarges. Migraine headache is thought to be due to vascular disturbances. Cluster headaches are also vascular in nature. Migraine headache is often one sided but can be experienced on both sides of the head. It is often described as throbbing in character, but it can also be steady and nonthrobbing. Migraine headache is a recognised medical condition. The pain is severe and throbbing, and usually on one side of the head. Attacks are often recurrent and tend to become less severe as the migraine sufferer ages. Migraine headaches seem to be caused in part by changes in the level of a body chemical called serotonin. Attacks are also often linked to skipping meals or to eating certain foods, such as cheese. Hormonal factors are also thought to influence both the onset of an attack and its severity. Attacks are often recurrent and tend to become less severe as the migraine sufferer ages. Attacks of migraine with and without aura respond differently to changes in ovarian hormones. Clearly a greater knowledge of ovarian hormones and their effect on migraine is essential to a greater understanding of the mechanisms and pathogenesis of migraine headache. Patients having Migraine headache suffer from fever, and upon waking up in the morning are likely to be more congested or suffering from headache, besides experiencing another peak in the late evening the same day. Researchers also found out that Migraine reactivity in the patients peaks at around 3 am. Patients are asked how often the headaches occur, where the pain is, its duration and whether other symptoms come before, during or after the headache. Severe and incapacitating migraine headaches while in the water would create a hazard for the individual. People with severe and incapacitating migraine should probably not dive. Severe and incapacitating migraine headaches while in the water would create a hazard for the individual. People with severe and incapacitating migraine should probably not dive. Symptoms of a migraine include throbbing sensations in the head for sustained periods of time, and an acute sensitivity to bright light, sound and movement. The pain can manifest itself in one side of the head, although a pressure sensation can be experienced on both sides. Symptoms include nausea and vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound, affected vision including seeing 'auras' and sensitivity to smell and touch. Diet, sleep, the menstrual cycle and other factors may trigger migraines. Symptoms typically last 4 to 72 h and may be severe. Pain is often unilateral, throbbing, worse with exertion, and accompanied by symptoms such as nausea and sensitivity to light, sound, or odors. Symptoms are often most prominent on one side of the body, and may begin as early as 72 hours before the onset of pain. Symptoms that increase the odds of positive neuroimaging results include rapidly increasing frequency of headache, a history of uncoordination, focal neurologic signs or symptoms, and a headache that awakens the patient from sleep. Other "red flags" include abrupt onset of severe headache, marked change in headache pattern, or persistent headache following head trauma. Women often report that their migraine headaches occur during or right before the onset of their menstrual cycle. In addition, some women experience migraines during pregnancy or menopause. Women experience headaches more often than do men.
   
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